TRANSPORTATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF TDG?
The purpose behind TDG legislation is to promote public safety in the handling of dangerous goods. This Federal legislation is also designed to give some form of consistency when handling or transporting dangerous goods. All provinces must follow this legislation. This becomes vital when dealing with dangerous situations. As an IAPA member firm it is important to recognize that many TDG spills occur on the loading dock. Goods are normally considered TDG until they reach their temporary or permanent storage location within your facility, then they are considered to be WHMIS materials.
WHO DOES IT APPLY TO?
Anyone who handles, loads or unloads trucks for example, dangerous goods must be adequately trained and familiar with the TDG Act and Regulations. For IAPA member firms this would normally mean lift truck operators, shippers and receivers, material handlers and their supervisors.
WHAT ARE DANGEROUS GOODS?
There are 9 classes of dangerous goods. Explosives, compressed gasses, flammable liquids, flammable solids, oxidizing substances, poisonous and infectious substances, radioactive materials, corrosives and miscellaneous materials. Many firms with such chemicals as propane for lift trucks, welding gases, solvents, etc. are required to have TDG trained staff handle these goods.
WHAT ARE THE PENALTIES?
Individual fines are $50,000 for a first offence up to $100,000 for each subsequent offence. For indictable offences imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years. In addition you could be prohibited from handling dangerous goods for up to a year and provide compensation up to a million dollars per offence. Transport Canada TDG Inspectors are now visiting many firms which ship and receive dangerous goods and are fining those employees (shippers, receivers and those unloading the material) who handle the goods and have not had training under the new legislation of "Clear Language". There are other penalties as outlined in the IAPA training course.
WHO CAN ENFORCE THE TDG ACT AND REGULATIONS?
There are a number of groups who can enforce this legislation. Regional police, city police, federal police (RCMP), Ministry of Transportation officers, weigh scale operators and US/Canadian border crossing officers. Inspectors appointed by both provincial and federal ministries.
I HAVE TAKEN TDG TRAINING A FEW YEARS AGO. WHY DO I NEED TO TAKE IT NOW/AGAIN?
The TDG Regulations were rewritten in a "clear language" form on August 15, 2002. This was to help persons who handle, transport or offer for transport dangerous goods understnad their responsibilities. There have been some significant changes to the regulations and you should be up to date on them. In addition the regulations state that the employer has a responsibility to ensure adequate training. Training must be current within three years.